United we stand, divided we falter. This classic maxim has been a lesson taught since ancient times. It pertains to the fact that when a people stand united in the face of their enemies, they are stronger and no one can defeat them. However, when instead they are divided and squabble between themselves over petty issues, the enemy can easily pick them off one by one and conquer them.
This lesson gets repeated over and over, yet history is full of stories when it was not listened to. One of these times is recounted in the Parable of the Three Twigs of King Svatopluk.
Svatopluk (sometimes referred to as a king, sometimes as a duke) was the ruler of the Great Moravian Empire, situated in central Europe. He was arguably one of the empire’s greatest rulers, having expanded its border into far-away lands.
He was a wise, but also cunning ruler, who had a knack for always coming up with the right solution to a problem. However, no one is eternal and his rule too had to come to an end. He had grown old and it was time to pass the empire he built to his sons.
The Lesson Of King Svatopluk
The story of the three twigs of King Svatopluk is a parable that tries to teach people the benefits of remaining united and not absorbed in petty squabbles.
It starts with him being on his deathbed. He summons his three sons and tells them his will. Previously, he had divided the country into three parts, each to be ruled by one of his sons, with the eldest son to become the overall ruler of the entire empire, and the two other sons being his subordinates.
Being the wise ruler that he was, he goes on to give a warning, telling them to remain united and not to go one against another. Knowing that demonstrations are often stronger than words, the dying king proceeds to try to teach them this lesson through the use of an analogy.
Svatopluk takes three twigs, binds them together and gives them to his eldest son asking him to break them. The eldest son tries his hardest, but does not succeed in breaking the three twigs. Svatopluk then gives the same three twigs to his second eldest son and then also the third. None of them succeed in breaking them.
After that, Svatopluk takes the three twigs, unbinds them and gives each of the twigs to the individual sons. He then tells the sons to try to break the individual twigs that they are holding in their hands. They succeed in doing this without much effort.
This was the lesson that he wanted to impart to them. Bound together, the three twigs are unbreakable, however when unbound and separate, each of the twigs can be broken quite easily.
The three twigs together were meant to represent the three sons united together, while the individual twigs were meant to represent what would happen to each of the sons, if they stood alone.
If they remain united, then no enemy will be able to touch them and they will live long and prosperous lives. However if they start fighting among each other, the enemy will be able to pick them off one by one and they will be destroyed.
The End Of An Empire
History has proven Svatopluk to be right. When he was dying, the Great Moravian Empire was at its largest extent, controlling territory extending from parts of Germany and southern Poland, all the way to eastern Austria, all of Hungary and into Slovenia, Serbia and western Romania. The heartland of the empire were the lands that now form the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It was the most predominant power in the region, renowned for its fierce warriors and a center of culture.
The sons unfortunately did not listen to their father. Shortly after Svatopluk died, the three sons started internal infighting, each of them trying to gain the throne for themselves.
Mojmir II was the heir and successor of Svatopluk. However his brother Svatopluk II, who ruled the Principality of Nitra, a territory within the Great Moravian Empire, rebelled against him. He was supported in this by Arnulf of Carinthia, who was the ruler of neighboring East Francia.
During the internal fighting between the brothers, large territories of the Great Moravian were either conquered by others or broke away. Pannonia was conquered by the Eastern Franks, and territories like Lusatia also ended up being conquered by Arnulf. Bohemia broke away to become an independent state.
Then in 900, the final death knell came. The much weakened, bickering and divided empire was invaded by the Hungarians, nomads originally from the steppes of Central Asia. The Hungarians wreaked havoc on the country and both brothers probably died in 906, a year of intense fighting and many battles.
After that date, the Great Moravian Empire was no more. Some of the territory lingered on as independent principalities for a few more decades, but the largest bulk of the country was conquered by the Hungarians, who ended up settling on parts of the territory and ruling the surrounding lands for almost a millennium.
The Lesson For Your Personal Life
What are the lessons be learned here? Oftentimes people don’t see the forest for the tip of their nose. They engage in petty squabbles with their brothers, men who should be their natural allies, while the real enemy lurks and waits for an opportune moment to strike.
It is then very easy to pick them off one by one, since divided they fall. History has taught this lesson over and over again, yet it seems like many men of all eras don’t take heed of it and don’t remember this lesson.
Pride goes before the fall. Many a great man would have survived and gone on to prosper if they had heeded this maxim. Instead, hubris took over their minds and souls, they grew too ambitious and turned on their brothers and friends.
Then the real enemy hordes came, and instead of facing a united front, they faced a divided nation. This state of affairs handed the enemy the victory on a silver platter.
This is an important lesson for your personal life. Remember who your real friends and brothers are and remain united with them. Together you are stronger and can fight off any enemy. Divided, you will be easy pickings for anyone who comes along.